This is from a 29 page type-written story from Ida
Faddis. The quality was so poor I hope I got all the spelling of the
peoples names correct. If someone sees a mistake please let me know.
Konrad John Weith was born February 1849 in Peoria County,
Illinois. Konrad, the son of
George Weith, born in Germany, 1814, and Elizabeth Walters, born in
Switzerland. He had one brother
Stephen and one sister Rosanna. He
learned his trade as a blacksmith in Pekin, Illinois, and came to Iola in
1870. He worked as a journeyman
blacksmith for a few months and in 1871 set up his own shop.
In this shop Gaylord Robinson was a wagon maker and David Robinson the
painter. I think this shop was on
the north side of the square.
Newton, born August 12, 1851 in Ashtabula, Ohio, was the daughter of Charles
Newton, born December 17, 1826 and Zadah Rugg Newton, born May 23, 1829. The
Newton family, Martha, Albert, Rosa, Henry and Perry age 3 came to Iola in
1875. Mr. Newton had traded
30 acres of land on Lake Erie in Ohio for 160 acres three miles west and one
north of Iola. This was such rocky land with a large swamp that he wouldn't
even move on it.
had a letter of recommendation to Mr. J. R. Young, a storekeeper, who let them
stay in a house at the corner of West and State Streets. They filled their bed
ticks with straw and slept there the first night, then they rented a house at
about 10 North Sycamore Street, where they spent the winter.
and Albert wanted to join the spelling bees and had to drive to Humboldt to
buy the speller they were using.
Newton bought the Berry farm in Liberty school district northwest of Iola,
near Horseshoe Bend. This was red land with a running spring and good barns.
The large house was built before the railroad came, so the lumber was hauled
in by wagons. It had a large kitchen, pantry, dining room, parlor, a parlor
bedroom and their bedroom down stairs. Upstairs were three bedrooms and one
long room over the two bedrooms downstairs. This was a storage room. I
remember seeing a hair trunk, the flax spinning wheel, flax cards, and long
rolls of tow, a drum and yards of goods piled up on a chair.
sewed for the John Wooden family. He was the sheriff and they lived upstairs
in the jail. Martha stayed there with them.
25, 1877 Konrad John Weith and Martha Newton were married. They lived in Iola.
That same year his brother Stephen Weith came to Kansas and bought 240 acres
of prairie land. He built a house and barn and set out hedge fence around all
July 18, 1879, Ida May Weith was born at Grandpa Newton's home in Liberty
District west of Iola.
Newtons moved to Neosho Falls at one time so Henry, Rosa and Perry could
attend school there. Albert was teaching school then. I remember going to
Neosho Falls while they lived there. Then they moved back to their farm, I
loved to go to Grandma's at the farm, I remember the stone steps up to the
kitchen and the big room where the windows came down to the floor, and the
spring with it's cold water. On the way to Grandmother's, heavy timber was on
both sides of the road from the Neosho River to what is now called dry lake.
This really was a lake with the tall yellow lotus flowers with their leaves
floating on the water. This was also a very muddy road at times.
of the families who came before the Newtons were the Browns whose family came
in 1856 and settled near the Neosho River. Their daughter Ruth was my seventh
grade teacher and their son Sam married Sue Reimert. The Arnold family came in
1859. The children played in the dry riverbed during the drought in 1860. The
Bird family came in 1857 and settled where the City Power House is located.
Mrs. Dan Horville was a Bird. Other families west of the river in early days
were Cornell, Pees, Hunger, Townsend, Roush, Malcolm, See, Hazzard and
Barnhart. J. R. Young owned farms but lived in Iola.
1881 we lived on South State Street road north of Elm Creek on the east side.
Our farm ran to Washington Street.
Then the Pees family lived between our place and Elm Creek.
The Kettle family lived across the road west.
Aunt Rose married Mr. Kelso who owned the farm where Sutherlands now live. Mr.
Kelso had one boy Frank and a girl Jennie (Mrs. Bert Coutant.)
I think Mr. Kelso sold the farm to Mr. Ewing at that time.
we lived there the brewery was closed. It
stood on the south side of the creek near the mound. The men hauled kegs of beer to the top of the mound and
celebrated all night when it closed. We
lived in a native lumber house but one year Father raised enough wheat to
build a new four-room house.
There was no flood while we lived, there. Father sold this property to J. S. Turner who built a full two-story addition to our house. Mrs. Turner was a milliner in Iola. After Mr. Turner died she sold this place to Al Hecoy. The house burned while he owned it. Then the Moores bought the land, which Mrs. Lee Moore still owns. My sister Rose was born here July 12, l88l. My Father's blacksmith shop was on South Street.
this time the stone two towered school stood on the now Jefferson School
ground. Jim Overmyor, on South
Sycamore, a carpenter lived next door to us.
There were only a few houses east of Sycamore at this time.
sister Ella was born here February 14, 1883.
On June 5, 1884. Father traded the house at 402 S. Sycamore and a place
at 412 South Chestnut and his blacksmith shop at 203 South Street to Hooker
Shapel for 160 acres of land in Allen Center School District number 14.
Elm Creek ran the half-mile through the farm, which was covered with
heavy timber, pasture and hay land with prairie grass.
were happy days for my sisters and me. Our
closest neighbors were the Fitzpatricks and we placed with Albert, Bertha and
baby Cora (Mrs. John Page.) The Tredways were also near neighbors with Gay,
Edna, Charley and John.
always raised a garden and put potatoes, squash and canned fruit in the
cellar. Mother dried apples and
corn and made apple butter. She
also made her own soap. We took
some apples to the cider mill and when this aged, we had our own vinegar. In
the fall a hog was butchered and the hams sugar cured. Sausage and head cheese
the summer the Laury's from Golden Valley came every week with his wagon of
fresh meat. And of course he gave
the liver to his customers as no one thought of selling it. Father with some of the neighbors would cut big blocks of ice
after the creek froze thick enough and stored it in the ice house which was
packed with saw dust to keep it frozen. We
would go over to Tom Fitzpatrick's to watch him make sorghum molasses by
boiling the juice of sugar cane down to the right thickness.
In the summer we would pick gooseberries and wild plums and in the
fall gather nuts and persimmons.
week Father, Uncle Steve, or Mr. Tredway would drive the seven miles to Iola
for the mail. Eighty acres of
Uncle Steve's farm was just north of our farm and his 160 acres across the
road east of his 80. While we
lived there we had apples and pears to share with Uncle Steve.
Later he had a big apple and peach orchard.
started to school at Allen Center at the age of 5 in l884. Rose in 1885 and Ella age 4 in 1886. Ida Marley was our teacher those three years.
Other teachers we had there were Carrie Strong (Mrs. Millard), Alice
Crosby, Ruby Wisner (Mrs. Will Green) and Mr. Ellison.
first the school was on the Tredway farm just across the road from our farm,
but that was before we lived there. Then
the schoolhouse was moved half mile south.
This building was sold to the Adams family and moved to their farm and
made into a house. Then the
present school building was built. No
school is held there now.
was a large school, sometimes as many as 50 pupils attending with all eight
grades. Families with children
attending in those days were; Fitzpatricks, Albert and Bertha; John Weiths,
Ida, Rose, and Ella; Stephen Weiths, Josephine, George, and Archie.
Alice Messer was living with Len Barkers; James Sheldon at Tobeys.
Tredway, Guy, Edna, Charley and John.
Nashs, Ada (Mrs. Ellis Lemaster), Sam, Rose, Mary, Ita, Pearl and Ray.
Allyers, Lillie and Debbie. Later
Millers, Hattie and Stella; Rose Newton and John Tinker at Tinkers; Wallace,
Gertie, Scott and Will; Ramsays, Emma, Eloise, Maggy and Joe; Jurys, Laura,
Jury's Jud, Averill, Lucy; Ed Wilson's Gertie and Inez; Crowell's Newman,
Etta, George, Charlie and Walter; Morrison's Orval and Dora; Runyon's LeRoy,
Ed and Nellie; Adam's Nobe, Charley, Dollie, Lutie and Dell; Caleb Barker's
Stella, Effie, Otis, Tessie and Frank. Newman's
were the only colored family in the district.
Webster Johnson, a former teacher, and his sister Alice also
lived in the district. Neither
had ever married. Sunday School
and Church was held on Sunday afternoon by Reverend Lawrence Faust the
Reformed Church minister. Later
he married Etta Crowell.
summer I will never forget was when the chinch bugs came until the ground was
gray with those little bugs. Father
plowed a furrow around the field and dragged a log in it to try to keep them
out of the fields. Some years
were very dry and farmers had to drive their cattle once a day to the creek
near us to water them. They also
had to haul barrels of water for their stock and family to use.
father was a blacksmith he had a shop on the farm. He would shoe horses and do other work for the neighbors.
Then we had the thrashers as we raised oats and flax.
The neighbors would exchange work as it took several men to go along
with the thrashing machines. Of
course all these men had to be fed dinners and sometimes supper.
Mother had to make bread and pies, fry chickens and cook potatoes and
other vegetables. We always had milk and made cottage cheese and churned
butter. The pigs were fed plenty
of milk. Sometimes mother sold
butter and eggs to the stores. One time she only got 5 cents a dozen for the
Father rented the farm to Joe Stephens and in 1890 we moved back to Iola.
Years later an Ita Marley reunion was organized for those who had
attended the Allen Center School. Later the name of the reunion was changed to
Allen Center Schoolmates. These reunions are held the third Sunday in
September and any one who attended Allen Center School meet for a picnic
dinner. This year the reunion was held September 15, 1969 with George Weith
and Ida Faddis as the only pupils living who attended school there from 1884
we moved back to Iola father bought the house on lots 9 and 10 block 58 on
North Walnut Street west of the Post Office.
Father's blacksmith shop was in with Gaylord Robinson, wagon maker, and
David Robinson, painter, as they had been years ago. This shop was across the
street south of the post office. East
of their shop Dan Thorpe had his barbershop and the family lived upstairs over
the shop. His daughter Deulah (Mrs. Felix Casey) worked as a barber with her
father. A vacant lot was west of the shop and then came a stone building.
This had been the city calaboose but now Jim Mills had a saloon there.
we entered the Iola School Rose and Ella were placed in Maude Minrow's fourth
grade. She later became Dean of Women at Kansas State Teachers College at
Emporia. I was put in May Woodins (Mrs. John Dovilin) fifth grade. A few weeks
later I was moved into Anna Pickles (Mrs. L. H. Wishard) sixth grade.
My seventh grade teacher was Ruth Brown.
On the way to school we passed Grandma Swarfs house just across the
street east, where the post office is now, next to the alley was John Dunfee'
s blacksmith shop. On the corner of Washington Avenue and West Street stood
McClain's dry goods store with the opera house above. On the corner of South
Washington and. West Street was Northrup' s Bank. Then came Cowan and
Ausherman's Grocery Store and Drug Store; on farther were Wiggle's Shoe Store
and Jimmy Hershberger's Barber Shop. Then Otten's Bakery was next. It was here
that I heard my father and Mr. Otten speak German.
Mrs. Turner had a millinery shop along there. One time Pancoast's
Photography Shop was located there, but later he moved his shop on West
Madison. Across the street on South Washington I believe DeClute had a
clothing store. The Iola Register was next with the printing shop and the job
room upstairs over both stores. An iron stairway was on the outside for a fire
escape. At one time this upstairs was a large hall.
east on Madison was Coutant Hardware Store.
The G.A.R. hall was upstairs over a store. This was a Civil War organization. Bowlus's Bank was next to the corner and on the corner was
Emerson and Salee's Racket Store. In the next block was Evans Drug Store, Bob
Stevenson's Dry Goods, Mr. Beck's furniture store, and Kreuger and Kreuter
Butcher Shop. Mr. Ireland a
democrat was the postmaster. South
on Jefferson stood an old stone building, which at one time was the Valley
House. The Proctor family ran
this hotel in early days. The Proctor girls were Minnie (Mrs. Matter), Nora
(Mrs. Gaylord Robinson, Sadie (Mrs. Charley Ausherman), Eurith (Mrs. Newby). Sometimes on the way to school we would hear the school bell
ring and knew we had better hurry on.
Falls sometimes held the Fourth of July celebration at their Fair Grounds just
Across the Neosho River there. I
remember the time we took the Santa Fe train to Colony and the train (Jerky)
from Colony to Neosho Falls. At
this time my Uncle Albert Newton was Superintendent of the Neosho Falls
Schools. Here Mother saw Rutherford B. Hayes when he ran for election for
President in 1877.
1891 my Father died and Mother was left with three little girls.
Mother sold the blacksmith shop to McCarty.
His son Dwight went into the shop and it was the McCarty and Son Shop.
After his father's death Dwight ran the shop until he retired several
Mother and my sisters and I would walk down to the Mineral Well Park for a
drink of this salty water. Nelson
Acers owned it. In 1871 he had
drilled for coal and struck a vein of water with enough gas to force a sort of
geyser of water into the air at regular intervals.
Mr. Acers built a hotel and cottages and had quite a sanatorium there.
A flood stopped the flow of water so a pump was used when we went.
Later the well was closed and now only Acers Park is remembered.
We used to like to walk to the mound sound of town.
The Martin girls lived on the east side of the mound and we often
played with them. They lived in a white house with a row of pine trees up to
the house. Now Bassola Lake is
there and only a part of the mound is left.
Much of it was cut away on the west for the highway on State Street.
old marble quarry was a place we liked to explore.
It was west of the mound across the railroad near Elm Creek.
My father's head stone was made of it as also were many sidewalks. Then
there was John Brown's cave on South Kentucky and east on Elm Creek.
Some of the boys would crawl through it but we girls never would.
of the children who came to play with my sisters were Nola and Delia Daigh,
Roy Sleeper, Herb Whitaker, Fred Weich and Charley Marsh. I chummed with Myrtle Kelley (Mrs. Tom Breckenridge) and
during the Benjamin Harrison campaign for re-election; in 1893 I wore a
Harrison cap. Myrtle called me a
black republican and I called her a pesky pop.
Harrison lost to drover Cleveland who had been president before him.
girls in my bunch were, Daisy Chastain (Mrs. Late Servey), Dot Wright (Mrs.
Hayes Ball), Lou Richeson (Mrs. Thompson), whose father, always made the white
taffy candy at the fairs. Nell
Butler (Mrs. Jim Ewart), Theo Robinson daughter of Gaylord Robinson.
Some of the boys my age were Garfield Brown, Fred Cleaver, Elmer Gray,
Gary Shaffer and Hugh Reagan. Years
later I had Hugh's daughter Lassen Reagan and then her daughter Susan Kohler
in my first grade. I remember
when Mrs. Warner and daughter Guyla Myers (Mrs. Wallace Andersen) came to Iola
from Kansas City and stayed at Robinson’s boarding house. Mr. and Mrs. Edgar
and girls Birdie (Mrs. Austin Mayfield) and Addie (Mrs. Fred McKenna) also
boarded there and roomed in their other house.
Mr. Edgar was the Santa Fe depot agent and Mrs. Edgar the operator.
Our neighbors on the north of us were Hi Grays.
They had three girls, Abbie (Mrs. Al Ellis), Sue and Addie.
Across the street north lived Dr. Tozier, a dentist.
His wife had a green house and that is where we went to see a night
blooming cereus. Their daughter
Mrs. Crow and her son Alonzo were also dentists.
This home was remodeled by Mr. and Mrs. Guy Lamer, which still stands.
the time I was in the eighth grade the school building was so crowded that we
went to school in a wooden building where the Kress store stands.
Mr. J. E. Henderson was our eighth grade teacher.
courthouse by this time was on the corner south where later Dr. Brown had a
drug store, which is now owned by Mrs. Reynolds.
In 1866 bonds were voted to raise money to procure a courthouse.
A frame building located on the north side of the square was purchased
from George Eldridge and fitted up for use of the county officers.
Then the building at the corner of Jefferson and Madison was bought for
$1800.00. The old building was
sold for $500.00 to the school district and moved to South Jefferson and stood
south of the two-towered stone school there then.
was still no courthouse in the square as was planned when the town was
platted. The square was fenced
and had watering troughs on each side with hitching racks for the horses.
we entered High School Professor Pickens was the superintendent and Cliff
Mitchell (Mrs. Bushey) the principal. Mary
Donica and later Sophia Donica (Mrs. Chapman) and Kiss Williams were teachers.
Miss Mitchell was my ideal and I intended to be a teacher like her but instead
I became a first grade teacher.
I was in High School Frederick Funston came to talk to us about his trip to
Alaska. The United States
Department of Agriculture had sent him as a botanist to classify and collect
new plants. He was a cousin of
1892, grandfather and grandmother Newton and son Perry, who had been living
near Kingsville, Missouri, came to Iola.
They bought the Colborn place where the Memorial Hall stands.
This house was the first frame house built in Iola.
The Colborns then bought a hone where the High School is today.
C. H. Cochran and J. F. Colborn owned the land where Iola was laid out.
The town was named after Mrs. Iola Colborn, and that is where Iola got
the name. Mr. Colborn had a dry
goods store on the corner where the Shannon store is located.
The Masons had their lodge hall upstairs over the Colborn store.
after Nelson Acers had drilled the well in 1871 and found gas a group of Iola
businessmen formed a company for the purpose of prospecting for gas.
They obtained a charter from the city permitting them to pipe the city
for distribution of gas should they find it.
Years later they sold their interest to Paullin and Pryor.
Winn Pryor was a well driller and formed a partner-ship with Joseph
Paullin a railroad conductor on the Santa Fe.
He remained at his regular Job to earn money for drilling.
I was a teen aged girl then and stayed nights with Mrs. Pryor when her
husband worked nights.
In five years they drilled six wells, not one of which was a paying producer. They decided to drill one more well going 1000 feet if necessary. On Christmas day 1893 they struck gas in such force that the roar was heard all over town. This well was on the Goodner farm at the end of Buckeye Street. Floyd Smith now owns this place. The gas well was just back of his barn. A road just east of this farm crossed Elm Crock and was called Northrup's Ford. Gas was piped to our homes and a gas burner was put into our cook stoves. We paid $1.00 a month for the stove and 10 cents a month for each light and could burn as much as we wanted. Then wells were drilled around Iola.
1894 the city marshal posted notices that livestock shall not be permitted to
run at large within the city limits.
ladies band was organized which was the only band composed of all ladies that
we, knew of at that time. In
early days my father belonged to a drum and fife corp.
Iola also had a band.
l894 Mother married William Wesley Goble.
He was a carpenter and had learned his trade as an apprentice.
He went to Oklahoma and was there when the run was made in 1893 to open
for settlement the Cherokee Strip. There
he met Mrs. Servey and Lute Stover and came to Iola to see them.
29, 1895 mother sold the farm at Allen Center to J. P. Rose. She sold the home
in Iola to Mr. Mann, and September 26, 1896 we moved to La Harpe. By this time
I was in the eleventh grade in high school.
During the last two years I stayed in Iola with Grandpa and Grandma
Newton while in school. Our
graduating class was the last class to graduate from this building. The 1898
class was composed of seven boys and seven girls.
This was the year of the Spanish American War, All remember the slogan
"Remember the Maine" because the ship was blown up in the Cuban
harbor, Charles Smeltzer had just joined the 20th Kansas regiment and wore his
uniform at the commencement. Our speaker for the commencement was Angelo
Scott, a brother of Charles F. Scott. He was Professor of English at the
Agricultural College of Oklahoma and later became the President of the
college. This was the last year that Mr. Pickens was superintendent of the
Iola School. He became President
of the State Normal School at Hayes, Kansas.
Later Pickens Hall was named after him.
Clifford Mitchell was elected Superintendent of the Iola School and
held this position for seven years.
1898 a new high school was built on East Street where the Junior High School
now stands, Only eight grades were left at the old school. In 1898 a new
building was built on North Jefferson and was called the North School and the
old school was called the South School.
we moved to La Harpe in 1896, it was only a small place, with the Malcolm
Grocery Store, Davis Dry Goods, a restaurant, the post office, and Hackneys
building of the Fort Scott, Wichita and Western Railway (now the Missouri
Pacific) was responsible for the birth of La Harpe, the plat of which was
filed in l88l. J. C. Reeder was
the first agent. C. H. Hackney
had the first business, buying and selling grain.
Mr. Goble, my stepfather, started a hardware store and built a
two-story house. The house still
new four-room school was built replacing the small district building.
The young people had parties and met to sing and play singing games.
In winter we would go skating at Donnan's place on Elm Creek. We also went to dances.
Sometimes Mr. Goble would play the fiddle and mother would accompany
him on the organ. While we could
dance, we never played cards.
many gas wells had been drilled around Iola, they began to drill near La
Harpe. Felix Casey a rig builder
worked for Joe Ross and Fred Horton.
1898 they drilled a well in La Harpe, which was the largest gas well in Kansas
at that time. When they struck
gas, it came with such force; all the men in the crew temporarily lost their
hearing. The heavy drilling tools
were blown to the top of the rig. It
was a relief when the well was capped and the roaring stopped.
1896,Iola entertained 20,000 members of the Modern Woodmen of America from
Eastern Kansas. Those who came by way of the Missouri Pacific from the east
were greeted at La Harpe by a great arch of gas pipe with flaming words
spanning Main Street, flaring torches, and screaming whistles.
was booming and so La Harpe started to grow.
In 1897 Lanyon's Smelters built No.3 in La Harpe, No. 1 and 2 were in
Iola at the cross roads of the Santa Fe and Missouri Pacific railroads.
The people came by the dozens. A
hotel was built and a settlement at the west edge of La Harpe grew.
This was Lanyonville. A large lake there was called the Smelter Pond
where there was good skating in winter.
La Harpe grew from a population of about 500 people in 1896 to a population of
2000 in two year so it was incorporated as a city of the third class.
C. H. Hackney was the Mayor, T. M. Davis, George Fox, J. E. Stansbury
and L. H. Daggett were the councilmen, E. L, Runyan, City Clerk and Sam
Malcolm, the Treasurer.
first church built in La Harpe was the Methodist Church, which was built in
1885. Then as new industries came and brought many families to the town the
Presbyterian Church was built in 1899.
Goble built a hardware store north of the Missouri Pacific tracks on main
street, which he later sold to J. E. Firestone; and then built a large livery
stable just east of the store.
the fall of 1899 I began my first teaching in La Harpe. My salary was $25.00 a
month, with an eight month term, J. Q. Roberts was the Principal and taught
seventh and eighth grades, Dollie Adams the fifth and sixth, Ella Bostwick the
first and second and I (Ida Weith) the third and fourth grades. We had to do
our own janitor work and since there were no sidewalks, it was a pretty hard
job to sweep the big rooms,
parents and sisters moved to Benton Harbor, Michigan that fall, I boarded with
Mrs. Cooksey. Her son Fred had a drug store, and her daughter Grace (Mrs.
Gregg) taught music.
young people in our group were Andy, Ensley, Phon, and May Williams who lived
north of town. John and Margaret
McDonald (Mrs. Clair Kerr), Hez Ward, Minnie Ohlfest (Mrs. Travis Morse), Emma
Ohlfest (Mrs. Dr. Hooper) and Albert Ohlfest. Jesse, Elmer, Harry and Pearl
Stansbury (Mrs. Roy McDonald), Clem, Homer and Sadie Epperson (Mrs. Ed Runyon)
and Fred Brister. Among the new comers were Wendell Philips, whose father had
a hardware store, Ed Danforth a druggist, Ethel Danforth (Mrs. John McDonald).
The Bakers Ora (Mrs. Wilbur Clark), Edna and Fred.
of the doctors were Dr. Wood, Dr. Helm and Dr. Fred Helm and Dr. Hooper, and
Dr. Lacey a dentist who now practices in Iola.
At the end of the school term in 1900 I went to Michigan where my
family were living.
in Michigan comes late, but it is a lovely place to be then. We lived on a
small farm, but most farms were small. The largest one of our neighbor tarns
was 65 acres. Everyone raised fruit and berries. I didn't get there in time to
pick strawberries, but I did pick blackberries, red and black raspberries and
place had a pear and apple orchard, which was loaded with fruit. This was the
year of the Galveston hurricane and most of the apples and pears were blown
off the trees. We picked up 800 bushel of apples and sold them to the cider
mill where they were made into vinegar.
pleasure boat came up the St. Joe River from Benton Harbor carrying tourists
to the summer resorts along the river. The
farmers would take their crates of berries to Summer Layton. They would be
loaded on a boat and taken to Benton Harbor and loaded on a big ship. This
ship would cross Lake Michigan and the fruit would be in Chicago in the
morning. St. Joseph, Michigan is on Lake Michigan but a canal runs to Benton
was a Dutch settlement and they had large families, 'While their farms were
small they had large houses and barns. We had good times with the young people
and some have remained friends.
winter we lived in Benton Harbor where Mr. Goble had carpenter work. When the
snow came it stayed on the ground all winter. So sleighs and sleds were used
instead of buggies and wagons. I don't think the winters are as cold now as
they were then.
the spring of 1901 I came back to Iola to attend the County Teachers
Institute. This was held for one month in which we reviewed all subjects to be
taught in order to be able to pass the teachers examination for a teaching
summer I kept house for Uncle Perry Newton and a young man Clyde Carl, who
worked on the Newton farm. This farm was northeast of Carlyle, Young people
these days do not know how much work it was to feed two men who were doing
hard labor. First they needed a hearty breakfast of meat eggs, fried potatoes
or sometimes pancakes. Then for me there was the milk to be strained into the
milk crocks, then to skim off the cream and then to be churned into butter. As
we had no ice the butter had to be hung down in the well, and cottage cheese
made of the clabber milk. Then
all the bread had to be baked, as well as pies and cakes. The washing was done
on a washboard, with two tubs and a boiler to heat the water and then boil the
white clothes before rinsing them. Maybe by three o'clock in the afternoon
there would be a breathing spell between dinner and supper time, and so the
the fall of 1901 I was hired to teach in the Gas City Schools. My family came back from Michigan and we lived in a house on
Taylor Street in Gas City. Dr.
Teas owned the house.
K. Taylor was the founder of Gas City. He
owned a tract of land along the Missouri Pacific railroad, which at one time
was the Whitcomb farm. He sunk a
well and developed a large flow of gas.
the summer of 1898 he sold forty acres of land to the Cherokee and Lanyon
Smelter Company and twenty acres to the Prime Western Smelter Company.
They erected the zinc smelters. Then
the remainder of the tract was laid out into town lots.
October 27, 1898 the town of Gas City was founded.
Missouri Pacific train service put the town in touch with Iola and La Harpe.
The town grew rapidly but when I went there in 1901, we still walked
over corn ridges to the depot. Many
people in South Gas lived in tents and it was called Rag Town.
A zinc rolling mill and a brickyard were built.
school in district No. 52 was Rose Hill.
It was one half mile south of the highway.
Frank Tanner was the last teacher there. Then the brick four-room school was built on the highway and
was school No. 52. Dollie Adams, Laura McCormack and Gertrude Chocklay were
the first teachers there in 1900. In
1901 H. M. Clinesmith taught seventh and eighth grades and was superintendent.
Dollie Adams, Laura McCormack and I were the other teachers.
At one time that year I had fifty children in my room.
Some of my pupils were John Page, Ottie Dority (Mrs. Swinford), Fred
and John Kessinger. My salary was
$35.00 a month for an eight-month term. A
small house was moved, on the school ground and Almira Bassett was hired.
Soon this school was so crowded that four more rooms were built on to
the brick building.
1904 this building burned and a new twelve-room structure built.
A box was placed in the corner stone when the new building was started
in 1905. The manual training room
and five playrooms were in the basement.
H. D. Ramsay was the superintendent at this time with 12 teachers and
600 pupils. A three-room school
was in South Gas and a one-room school in Concreto.
Portland Cement Company had built a plant on the English hill and a settlement
made there called Concreto. The
Portland Cement Company in 1904 brought in a gas well that was a wonder even
for this district. They had four
big gas wells, which should last many years.
1907 and 1908 Clifford Mitchell (Mrs. Bushey) became the superintendent of the
Gas City schools. She had been
the superintendent of the Iola Schools. At this time there were 18 teachers in
the schools. Alice Hendricks was
the musical director, Charles Huey manual training, Nora Dalby and Leota
Liourance high school teachers, 8th grade Georgia Gardner (Mrs. Fred Ireland),
7th grade Virginia Dodds, 6th grade Lena Ferris, 5th grade Helen Glass, 4th
grade Eva Orr, 3rd grade Mary Wade (Mrs. Roy Roberts) grade 2 B Mrs. Ella
Tripp, grades 1 & 2 Lola Carl (Mrs. Ed Hunter), grade 13 Ida Weith (Mrs.
Walter Faddis). South Gas, Hattie
Demitt 4th & 5th grades, Mrs. Etta Stewart grades 1 & 2. Concreto grades 1, 2 & 3 Edith McClellan.
sister Ella learned the printing trade in La Harpe working on the La Harpe
news. J. Q. Roberts owned this
paper. Others she worked with
there were: Roy McDonald, Cloyce
Hamilton, Jay Mathews and Grace Gwin.
Crouch interested some St. Louis capital in the Iola trolley car venture.
On July 24th, 1901 it was announced that the Iola Electric Line would
have its own power house as Mr. Crouch had bought three acres of ground on the
bank of Rock Creek a mile east of Iola for installing a generator for the
electric power. The work for the
streetcar tracks was to begin on West Street near the Santa Fe depot.
But on May 21, 1901 the new electric railway was under way, when
engineers began at the Neosho River, a mile west of Iola clearing the path for
the tracks. The plan was to connect Iola with the river on West Street
with Gas City and La Harpe on the east. Thus,
boating and swimming might be enjoyed at the Neosho River.
Christmas day 1901, the first cars ran from the Santa Fe depot to La Harpe.
Crowds made the trip that day. Only
three cars were operated, as there were not available crews to run more.
The fare was 5 cents to Gas City and another 5 cents to go to La Harpe.
The track was extended to Bassett and Wheeler Heights because the Le
High Cement Plant men lived there. Now
the smelter men could live in Iola and go to work in Gas City and La Harpe.
The stopping places for the trolley were Santa Fe depot, any street
comer and East Iola. La Grange in West Gas, Gas City, Bunker Hill where
residents of Sadie Town could board the car, Melrose for Concreto before the
line was extended to Concrete, Lanyonville in West La Harpe and then La Harpe,
streetcar line was under the management of Lee Massengale.
Mr. Hunt was the night engineer and Dick Long the day engineer.
sister Rose worked nights in the first telephone office in Iola.
Doug Arnett operated the office which was upstairs over a store at 112
S. Washington where the Schell Cleaners are now.
Rose clerked in Ramsays Store that stood on North Washington with Northrup's
Bank on the corner and the Elk's lodge above.
Mr. Mont Palmer was the manager of Ramsays. This Ramsay Store burned and when it opened again it was on
the corner of Jefferson and Madison. Other
Gas City girls working at Ramsays at this time were Ethel East, Nannie Faddis
(Mrs. Claude Hurlock), lone Hobson (Mrs. Millard Teats) and Ione Taylor.
Another large dry goods store at this time was the New York store and
later the Richardson Dry Goods Store.
doctors at this time were Dr. Rennick, Dr. Moore, Dr. Hobson and Dr. Leavell.
drillers were Jack Humes, Felix Casey, and Ray Taylor, brother of E. K.
Taylor, and Guy Taylor, son of Roy.
third house built in Gas City was Mr. Boyds.
Mr. and Mrs. Engle were among the first to come to Gas City.
Mr. Engle built a house and a large barn.
The hall over his livery stable was the only place the young people
could dance. Later two stores on Main Street were built where Mr. Smith
had a store. Above these two
stores was the Opera House. Now they had a hall large enough for dances, shows
and special programs. My
stepfather worked on this building.
Bedwell a real estate man was associated with E. K. Taylor in real estate.
Frank and George McKelvey were carpenters.
Frank became the first mayor, and later the postmaster of Gas City.
Mr. Lynn was the first postmaster.
Gas City became a city of the second class when the population rose to
2000. Other carpenters were Mr.
Clawson, Mr. Tefft and John Griffith. Dr.
Swan was a druggist, Dr. Copple a dentist, John Remsberg the banker.
Bill Knable ran the first hotel built by Al Darby on South Main.
Later the Knables had the bakery.
The hotel on Main Street across from the opera house was run by Mrs.
Thompson and later by Mr. and Mrs. Batterton.
The first lumberyard was the dark and Bates Lumber Company. Mr. Wolf ran the Cooper Lumber Yard on McRae Street.
Ed Luckey worked there. Mr.
Frevert ran a real estate and insurance office.
Mr. Allstot had a grocery store as did Fred Cooksey.
Mr. Carls Meat Market was in with Mr. Hunters Grocery Store.
Mr. O’Connor had a novelty store.
(Hs married Etta Mooney). Mrs.
Mills and Blanche had a millinery shop. Mrs.,
Allemang had another millinery shop.
of the office men at the Smelters were Tommy Hill, Fred Finnel and Mr.
Anderson who married Delphia Ledford an Iola girl.
first newspaper in Gas City was the Gas Light.
Later Gary Shatter owned the Tri City Herald.
Kinman operated the telephone office. She
had two children, Arthur and Ida (Mrs. Archie Mood).
boom of the smelters and zinc plants brought many Yale men to this community.
So they joined some great athletes of La Harpe and organized the Great
La Harpe Football Team in 1905. They
were only beaten once and that was by the Haskell Indians.
Add Brennen; a famous ball player was also from La Harpe.
we lived in Gas City we still went with the La Harpe bunch.
Mr. Sheehe had a dancing class in La Harpe where we learned many
dances. The one I remember best
was the five-step. At this time
Thurlow Lieurance often played the piano for us to dance.
He had to walk on crutches at that time so some of the young me had to
carry him up to the hall. In 1898 Thurlow Lieurance at the age of 19 was named by
Governor Leedy as band master for the famous 20th Kansas Infantry commanded by
Brigadier General Frederick Funston which saw service in the Philippines
during the Spanish American War. He
was the leader of the La Harpe Band when he composed the Register March and
dedicated it to the Iola Register. About
this time ho composed the music for the song "Sometime" and William
Felter, a friend of Grace Kent a Gas City teacher, wrote the lyrics. His most
noted composition was "By the Waters of Minnetonka.” Perhaps the greatest booster of this song was Mme. Schumann
Heink, who loved to sing it.
Thurlow Lieurance died in Boulder, Colorado in 1963 at the age of 85. I saw him a few years before his death here in Iola. I told him I had the song "Sometime". He did not have a copy. These three pieces of music are in the Allen County Museum.
After the streetcar line was built, Mr. Crouch owned 30 acres along Rock Creek Just north of the electric powerhouse, which became the Electric Park. This park became a dazzling amusement center. It offered roller coasting, dancing, boating swimming and movies to thousands who attended each summer. The entry was laid out in landscaped gardens. It collected 250,000 admissions in 1907. The Boston Ideals Company put on many light operas that we would not have seen otherwise. The ones I remember were "Fru Diavola," "The Mikado," and Pinafore. Grace Allstot a Gas City girl joined the Boston Ideal Company when it was here.
Ladies Progressive Club was organized by Meda Wolf October 4, 1904.
This club was a member of the Second District Federation of Kansas
Women's Clubs. The Progressive Club opened a library in Gas City with the help
of Mrs. Rose B. Knapp the Iola Librarian in 1906 the members of the
progressive Club of Gas City were: Miss
Ethel East, Mrs. R. S. Swan, Mrs. F. W. Frevert, Mrs. William Smith, Mrs.
Frank McKelvey, Mrs.
Rev. Sample, Mrs. Martha Goble, Mrs. Ray Taylor, Mrs. D. L. Shuferd, Miss
Georgia Gardner, Mrs. A. D. Thornton, Mrs. Rev. Hood, Miss Alice Rose, Miss
Ella Weith, Mrs. W. D. Wolf, Mrs. Warren Robb, Miss Ione Taylor, Mrs. J. T.
Price, Mrs. Guy Roberts, Miss Ida Weith, Mrs. S. T. Wilson, Miss Mabelle
Rannals and Mrs. H. D. Ramsay.
Johns Hospital was built in 1905. This was about half way between Gas City and
Iola. The Sisters of St. Joseph of Wichita ran it. The progressive Club
furnished a room in this new hospital. In 1909 Dr. J. S. Sutcliff built the
Sutcliff Sanatorium located a little southwest of St., Johns hospital and near
the streetcar line as was St. Johns.
my sister Ella had learned the printing trade, she came to Iola and worked in
the job department of the Iola Register.
Mr. Charles F. Scott was the owner of the Iola Register, having
purchased it in 1882. It was the first paper established in Iola in 1867 under
the name of the Neosho Valley Register. It
became the Iola Register with the change of ownership and has been in the same
family owner ship ever since.
of the people working on the Register at that time were: Bert Harris, Elvie
Gilliat, Herb Whitaker, Eunice Jackson (Mrs. Dick Tobey), Chris Black, Eugene
Laughlin and Henry Fleak.
Grand Theater was built by Charles Wheaton at a cost of $40,000, The
"Grand" was one of the most beautiful buildings in Iola. Opening
night was January 8, 1904 with "King Dodo" as a musical comedy,
which was a successful Broadway show. My
grandfather paid $40.00 for four seats in the orchestra section and took my
mother, Mrs. Goble, sister Ella and Uncle Perry Newton. I went with Henry
Decker and sat in the main floor and suppose the price was the same. Sister
Rose went with Frank Farnsworth of Benton Harbor, Michigan and sat in the
balcony and I think paid $5.00 for their seats. After the opening night, the price was $1.00 a seat. When you
think of the $1.00 a day most of the young men made, they could not take a
lady friend very often. The same shows that were shown in Kansas City were
shown in Iola and Dallas, Texas.
trip I will always remember was when Effie Engle (Mrs. Baker) and I went to
the World's Fair in St. Louis, the summer of 1904, The Exposition was to
awaken the public interest in the story of the Louisiana Purchase, Each state
and many foreign countries had buildings at the fair.
K. Taylor the founder of Gas City was called the "Duke of Gas City."
He built the finest home in Gas City where he, his wife, daughter
Genevieve and son Eugene lived. The
Goes also had a nice house near the Taylors.
Blanche was bookkeeper at the Clark Lumber Company, Hazel (Mrs. Lee
Bowlus) and Xenia were schoolgirls then.
The Rowdens also lived there at that time.
Jim had a blacksmith shop.
1909 Rose Weith married Henry Fleak and moved to Wichita where Henry worked on
a newspaper owned by Henry Allen. In
1910 Ella Weith married Eugene Laughlin a linotype operator and moved to
last year I taught in Gas City Mr. T. E. Osborn was the Superintendent of
Schools. Some of the teachers I
remember who taught with me that year were Helen Smith, Addie Thompson, Cora
Roberts (Mrs. Venard) and Ethel Gilfillian (Mrs. Dell Adams).
That last year 1911-12 the school board decided not to hire married
teachers. Mrs. Etta Stewart did
not receive a contract and mine was laid on the table unless I would promise
not to marry. They also required
the teachers to stay in Gas City the five days of the week. Some of the pupils
I had in my first grade while teaching in Gas City are my best friends now.
These are Glennis Bartles (Mrs. Ballon Heigle), Eva Hall (Mrs. Eva
Gillett), Ethel Brown, (Mrs. Milford Langley, Dorothy Gibson (Mrs. Harlin
Isaac), Ruby Fennimore (Mrs. Ruby Reeves), Irene Skinner (Mrs. Henry Porter),
Alma King (Mrs. Walter Wise), Marie King (Mrs. Pope), Lois Rowden (Mrs. DaVatz)
BACK TO IOLA AGAIN
the fall of 1912, I was hired to teach at the Washington School in Iola.
Mr. Ralston was the president of the school board at that time and
became a life long friend. He was the agent at the Santa Fe depot.
had been getting $60.00 a month salary in Gas City but only received $50.00 in
Iola. The highest salary in the
grades here was $50.00. I got a
raise of $2.50 the next two years.
Mayberry who had been Superintendent of the Iola Schools left that year to go
to Wichita. Mr. C. C. Brown was
the new Superintendent. The
Principal at Washington was Guy Widner. The
other teachers were Daisy Hobart, Mary Dennis, Margaret Heigle, Ivy Bayless,
Hazel Butcher, Effy Arbogast and I, Miss Arbogast left after the first month
and Mrs. Etta Stewart was hired to take her place.
School had been built in 1901 during the boom here, McKinley was built in 1902
and Garfield in 1903. The North
School built in 1898 on North Jefferson had burned and a new building built in
1902 and called Lincoln School and at the same time the school on South
Jefferson became Jefferson School instead of South School as it had been
1900 Laura Corn taught the first school in Bassett.
The school had been held in rented buildings. One year the children
were transported to the Washington School.
At one time there were 90 children of school age in Bassett, So in 1907
a two room brick building was built in Bassett. This building burned in 1924 and the children came to
Washington while the new school was being built.
of the teacher's who taught in Bassett beside Laura Corn were Florence
Longshore, Lulu Ricketts, Kate Van Nordstrand (Mrs. Charlie Marsh), Berdetta
Wood (Mrs. Roy Sanden), Josephine Murray, Margaret Round, Ethel Agee, Mrs.
Earl Farrell, Ethel Strong, Hattiebell Christy, Pearl Ericson, Dorothy
Cummings and Forrest Huggins (Mrs. Tony Ross).
In 1936 the Bassett school was closed. In 1910 Jim Frederickson was
appointed truancy officer and held this office for 50 years.
sister Ella's husband Eugene Laughlin died, so she came back to Iola to live.
She had one little boy Eugene Weith Laughlin.
She again worked at the Register until she married Leon Lotapeich, the
pressman at the Register. They had one little girl. Rose Mary (Mrs. Leo
Shoemaker). Others working at the Register then were Charley May, Mabel
Barker (Mrs. Lester Lewman), May Hurlock (Mrs. Kirby) and Milford Langley.
the years of the boom Lanyon Smelters No. 1 and No. 2 had been built near the
crossing of the Santa Fe and the Missouri Pacific tracks.
The G. E. Nicholsons Zinc and Prime Western Smelters were just east of
Iola. At the corner of First and
Kentucky streets were the acid plant, the foundry, and a machine shop.
picture show, the Majestic was on South Street where Nola Daigh and Mattie
Herring played the piano. The
price of the ticket was 5 cents.
1903 the first courthouse was built in the courthouse square. This was torn down and a more modem building erected in 1959.
The old clock that was on the top of the old building and could be seen
as you approached Iola from all four directions now stands on the south side
of the courthouse park.
Newton had improved his place on North Washington. He moved the house, which stood where the parking 1ot of the
Memorial Hall is now, to the north lots and built an addition to it.
He made a house of the barn. Chris
Black's family lived there first and later Mr. McMurray had a cabinet shop
there, A lumber yard was where the house stood and then the Airdome was built
where the lumber yard had been. The
Shannon Store replaced the Colborn Store.
9th, 1922 the city bought the Newton property of Grandma Zadah Newton, for
$8,500 and the Memorial Hall was built. So
it stands on the original Colborn ground where the first frame house in Iola
first jail was built on North Jefferson in 1869.
Lot 12 was bought from Henry Givler lot 11 was bought from J. T. Wing
in 1880. When the new courthouse
was built in 1959 the jail was built in it.
The old jail became the Allen County Museum in charge of the Allen
County Historical Society.
South Washington, Ira Kelley built the Kelley Hotel, the Iola Theater and the
Uptown Theater. He also owned the
old Pennsylvania Hotel that had been owned by the Fisher sisters.
Also on South Washington was the J. V. Roberts Music Store.
The Ourway Restaurant owned by Kit Wilhit was in the same block years
ago. Chautauqua circuits had
traveling entertainers, which went to many cities. Iola each summer held the
Chautauqua in a large tent on the Jefferson School ground.
Here I saw Thurlow Lieurance and his wife, who was also an accomplished
musician, on a program.
Sunday held revivals in Iola twice. A
large tent was pitched in the northeast part of the courthouse park.
People came from near and far to the afternoon and evening services.
1918 I married Walter Faddis. He
had come to La Harpe in 1898 to work in the smelters there. Then his family moved from Nevada, Missouri to Gas City in
1901 where he worked in the pottery at the prime Western Smelter. When we were
married he was working for George Marr who had an automobile agency. Mr. Marr
started a bus line to Humboldt. Ray
Hale, and Don Burnett drove on this bus line as Walter did.
He opened the Faddis Taxi Service and operated it until he retired.
last street car run was made March 19, 1918 and in 1919 the streetcar tracks
were torn up. The electric park
was gone. The smelters moved to
Oklahoma because the gas had played out.
Now Iola is a city of less than 7000 population instead of 14,000 as it
was in boom days.
Washington School became so crowded two rooms were fitted up for schoolrooms
in the basement. At that time all
eight grades were in each buildings. Later
the seventh and eighth grades were taken to the Intermediate Building where
the High School had been on East Street.
The new High School was built on East Jackson.
School had a piano when I went there. We
bought the first Victrola by giving chili suppers, candy sales, and collecting
and selling waste paper.
the small pox scare the children had to be vaccinated by order of Dr. J. S.
Sutcliff the county health officer.
1917 several P.T.A. meetings were held, but no permanent organization was
formed at this time.
organized the Washington Bird Club. This
was a Junior Audubon Society for the study of birds.
The next year, a club was organized at Jefferson School, by Mrs. Ray
Hale and at McKinley School by Miss Evadean Harclerode (Mrs. John Copening).
Armistice Day, all the Grade School children marched in the parade making a
human flag. The children
practiced on the Garfield School grounds, which was in the 300 block between
North Second Street and North Third Street.
All the children had to walk there and back each time they practiced.
1936 Washington School presented the operetta "Sunnyside" which
cleared $60.00. This was quite an
ambitious production for a grade school and was given in cooperation with the
high school orchestra on the stage at the high school. In 1936-37 Washington
School had a Harmonica band, which was trained by Celeste Griffith.
several years the welfare department served milk for the under privileged
children. Later hot lunches were
served with some Jefferson children coining to Washington for their meals.
Ella Ball a teacher at Lincoln School was elected principal of Washington
School in 1917 and served as principal until 1930 when she resigned to go to
California to live. Miss Hazel
Suffron (Mrs. Floyd Green) took her place.
the Jefferson building was being torn down and the new one built, Miss Grace
Reno came to Washington at this time. She
had been principal at Jefferson.
from 1912 to 194O were C. C. Brown, B. E. Lewis, Charles Wagner, A. M.
Thoroman and J. E. Fleming. Music
supervisors were Ina McKnight, Margaret North, Winona McLatchey, Margaret
DeForest, Flora Rogers and Mrs. James Arkright.
C. B. Huff, grade school supervisor and art teachers were Ella Bostwick,
Ethel Strong and Ellin Hill. School
nurses were Fontella Brace, Emily Beal and Clara Laury.
new Jefferson School was finished and in May 1940 we moved into the new
building. The old school bell is
not on this building but stands in the yard.
This is the third building to stand on this ground.
The new Lincoln building was finished the same year.
The Garfield building was sold to Mr. Stratton and torn down.
The Washington building was sold to Mr. Ensminger where grain was
stored until it was torn down in 1968. The
new McKinley School was built in 1951. So
now there are three grade schools in Iola.
Dedicatory service for the new Jefferson building was held the evening of May 27, 194O. One thousand people visited that night. The address was given by L. W. Mayberry, the Superintendent of the Wichita Schools, and former Superintendent of the Iola Schools.
Reno regained principal of Jefferson School until her death February l4th,
1944. Miss Ethel Strong was
acting principal until the end of the term. Mrs. Esther McKenna was principal
for three years. Then Mrs. Hazel
green became principal.
the many programs given at Jefferson one of the most colorful was Ad Astra Per
Aspera to celebrate the 81 years Kansas had been a state, l86l to 1942.
Jefferson P.T.A. was organized October 9, 194O. I was a charter member and still belong.
Every fall the P.T.A. have a carnival.
exhibits were brought to Jefferson and the money earned was used to buy copies
of famous pictures. The school
board helped to pay for the framing. Some of the pictures cost $20.00.
Art exhibits had been given while I was at Washington School.
The club ladies had bought pictures for us and placed the name of the
club on a plate on the picture.
teachers teaching with me in 1954 were Mrs. Hazel Green, Ethel Strong,
Florence Strong, Ruth Faust, Roy Kern, Helen Perry, Mrs. Knapp, Elizabeth
Galloway, (Mrs. Moon), Judith Bragg, Mrs. Ora Leavitt, Earline Foiles and
Gary the music supervisor, Mrs. Evadean Copening art teacher. The custodian
was Mr. Kinney. Joe Ostenberg was Superintendent. Dr. Lyle Schnaus was the
president of the school board.
teaching 54 years I retired in May 1954. I was honored at a public reception
with over 300 friends, teachers and former pupils attending.
my teaching career I taught in every grade and in every grade building, I also
taught Stevie Fielder a polio boy for two years putting him through the
seventh and eighth grades. Stevie graduated from the State Teachers College of
Emporia and is now teaching. I also did substitute teaching.
am interested in gardening and bird watching.
I also belong to the Iola Garden Club and the Let's Learn Hobby Club. I
spend a lot of time reading and watching T. V.
The Newton family in Ohio as told to me by the family
Rugg born 1829, the daughter of Joseph Rugg, born 1802 and Amanda Stammard,
born 1803. Amanda was the
daughter of Zadah Stammard born about 1770. The Ruggs cans from New York to
Ohio and traveled by way of the Erie Canal.
Newton born 1826 married Zadah Rugg. Both
the Ruggs and Newtons had large families. Charles Newton was a sailor on Lake Erie.
The Charles Newton family bad six children: Martha, Albert, Rose,
Henry, and Perry. They lived on Lake Erie.
Martha and Albert had to herd the sheep as they grazed on the roadside.
the family all pared apples, which were then dried and sold to the sailors.
They used candles for lighting but later had coal oil lamps.
The children had to sit back so the elders could use the light.
Grandmother had worked as a tailor when she was a girl.
She made all their clothes. She
earned and spun the flax for the linen goods such as towels and pillowslips. Wool for bedspreads, and cotton for petticoats, even weaving
a cord in the petticoats to make them heavier.
She dyed different colors using walnut hulls for brown, onionskins,
sumack and other roots for other colors.
Then Grandpa bought a sewing machine.
those days women were not supposed to know anything about machinery so he
would stitch the garments after grandmother had basted them.
attended the Academy, which was probably the same as our high school. Albert
also attended a good school. Henry
and Rose were teen-agers and Perry three years old when they came to Kansas in
the children hated to leave their home on the lake and all their many cousins
in Ohio to come to the Kansas plains. I
think grandmother was the most homesick but she never complained.
She loved the out doors and I think I inherited this love from her.
History of Kansas 1883
History o fallen & Woodson Counties 1901 by Wallace
Duncan & Charles Scott
The Centennial Issue of the Iola Daily Register 1951
Items of 50 years ago in the Iola Register
Obituaries of early settlers
Grandfather Charles Newton
Grandmother Zadah Newton
My Father Konrad John Weith
My Mother Martha Weith Goble
My Stepfather William Wesley Goble
My own memories
Thesis of Opening of the Grand Theater by Gerald Snider
Mrs. Ena Ammon, Register of Deeds
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